On 16 April 2013, the European Parliament adopted a new, amended airport ground handling Regulation, which will replace the old Directive 96/67 EC on ground handling services. The new Regulation will further open up European airports for competition on the ground handling market. We find that an open handling market brings greater freedom of choice for airlines and lower handling fees. However, we do not see any (serious) market failure for the airport that would justify intervention by the market regulator, by limiting the number of handlers for example.
What lessons can Europe learn from the experience of the open market at Schiphol when it comes to the further liberalisation of the European ground handling market in the new Regulation and the extent to which market failure could justify intervention by the market regulator?
As far as the handling market for air freight is concerned, the Schiphol case shows that an open handling market brings greater freedom of choice for airlines and lower handling fees. The market does not work perfectly, but there is no question of serious market failure.
Collected and summarized from the source below by Minh Pham https://db.vista.gov.vn:2095/science/article/pii/S0969699714000908